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Science Purpose of Study

A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.


The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.
  • Develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them.
  • Are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.


Working Scientifically:

Across all year groups scientific knowledge and skills should be learned by working scientifically.



Identify, classify and describe their basic structure.

Observe and describe growth and conditions for growth.


Look at the suitability of environments and at food chains.

Animals and Humans:

Identify, classify and observe.

Look at growth, basic needs, exercise, food and hygiene.

All living things:

Investigate differences.



Identify, name, describe, classify and compare properties.

Look at the practical uses of everyday materials.


Look at sources and reflections.


Look at sources.


Look at appliances and circuits.


Describe basic movements.

Earth and Space:

Observe seasonal changes.

Our Philosophy:

At Shere science will primarily be facilitated through practical, first hand experiences. Children will observe, investigate and explore; much of their learning will focus on finding answers to their own questions. Worksheets will not be used!

The vast majority of scientific study will take place outside. Short, sharp focused inputs will take place where necessary to ensure the development of scientific skills and knowledge and playful investigation will be used to promote this further.

Science – Programmes of Study